The collapse of buildings, especially the multi-storey ones have been continuously increasing in last few years.
DUE TO REAL ESTATE BOOM, NEW HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS ARE COMING UP EVERYWHERE, AND THERE IS A HUGE COMPETITION IN THIS SECTOR. IN ORDER TO STAY IN THIS COMPETITION, THE BUILDERS ARE HARD-PRESSED TO COMPLETE THESE BUILDINGS AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE.
This has resulted in flouting of various building norms by the builders.
Many also employ unskilled workmen and use poor building materials without any proper structural design that ultimately lead to the collapse of the buildings.
“Unfortunately building collapse are a regular phenomenon in rapidly urbanizing cities of India. Such accidents often involve buildings in low-income, semi-formal and informal housing sectors. There are indeed gaps in the system that lead to poor construction which need to be addressed at various levels. Most of the illegally constructed buildings are more often than not, likely to be substandard and dangerous. The buildings which are constructed without professional engineering protocols and usually with untrained construction workers are most vulnerable.”
Another major reason for building collapse is that the owners of buildings are irresponsible and have no concern for the condition of their buildings.
The old buildings are left in dilapidated conditions and are never repaired. Even when structural cracks begin to appear, no actions are taken, resulting in eventual collapse, as happened in Matru Krupa.
Even before the building collapsed, portions of inner slabs had begun collapsing. But the owners apparently did not make any effort at getting them repaired.
A building is a vertical load carrying RCC member
A building is basically a vertical load bearing reinforced concrete (RCC) member which is designed to take on various loads and pressure applied on it without breaking, bending, overturning, or collapsing.
The buildings and their foundations are usually designed to carry dead loads, live loads and sometimes even resist horizontal forces due to wind or earthquakes.